health charts

health charts to check your health

fithh bristol stool shape chart

The Bristol Stool Shape Chart shows seven categories of stool shape. These 7 categories are basically the result of your diet, fluids, medications, and lifestyle. Every person will have different bowel habits, but the important thing is that your stools should be soft and easy to pass, like types 3 and 4 in the chart.

This chart can also be used as a tool to diagnose constipation, diarrhoea, and irritable bowel syndrome.

Poor bowel control is more common than you think. About 1 in 20 people experience poor bowel control and it affects both men and women.

The shape, colour and smell of your bodily waste can signal if something inside of you isn’t operating at 100% efficiency. Hard, lumpy poop may mean you’re dehydrated, for instance.  A pungent poop could indicate an infection or other concerns. Red pooMay be a sign of rectal bleeding.

  • NOTE:
  • You must Poop 1 or 2 times per DAY.
  • If you are not Pooping properly then you may have a health problem.
  • Check your Poop Shape and Colour to the Chart on a regular basis. It is a window into your Gut.
  • When you go do you feel you have emptied your Bowel or do you still feel the need to go.
  • If you still feel the need to go, then add more Fibre which helps you go and feeds your Gut.

There’s more to good bowel function than just being regular. For example, you should be able to:

  • hold on for a short time after you feel the first urge to go to the toilet.
  • pass a bowel motion within about a minute of sitting down on the toilet,
  • pass a bowel motion easily and without pain, you shouldn’t be straining on the toilet or struggling to pass a bowel motion that is hard and dry.
  • completely empty your bowel when you pass a motion, and you don’t have to return to the toilet soon after to pass more.

Being ‘regular’ is a way of describing good bowel habits or normal bowel function. We often talk about our bowels being regular, but this is often misunderstood as meaning that you go to the toilet to pass faeces every day. It’s common for people to empty their bowel once a day, although it’s still normal to go more or less often. Being regular really means that soft yet well-formed bowel motions are easily passed and that this happens anywhere from 1–3 times a day to 3 times a week. 

People who pass bowel motions at the wrong time or in the wrong place may be experiencing poor bowel control, or faecal incontinence.

If a child is unable to be toilet trained or has regular poo accidents after the age of three to four years, then they should be medically assessed. If a child has been toilet trained and at a later stage starts to soil, this also needs medical assessment.

NB: The following refers to taking Vitamin C as pure ascorbic acid powder based on my experiences. This may not happen with taking high doses of Liposomal type vitamin C.

Excess Vitamin C can cause Diarrhoea. The body becomes saturated with vitamin C and uses what it needs, and the excess is removed causing Diarrhoea. It is not a health problem but just uncomfortable. It will clear itself.

To overcome you can just keep reducing the dosage of Vitamin C until the Diarrhoea stops and this will be the amount of Vitamin C the body can tolerate, absorb, and use. You can spread high doses of vitamin C over a day at smaller tolerable amounts to also reduce or stop the Diarrhoea.

IMPORTANT: The stool shapes and explanations you see on this chart should only be used as a guide. If you have any doubts or worries about your stool shape or colour you should consult your doctor or medical professional.

Fithh stool colour chart

NOTE: Stool colour is typically influenced by what you eat as well as by the amount of bile (a fluid that digests fats) in your stool. Most colour changes are normal, however, if the changes are consistent, it can reveal many clues about your health such as:

  • Brown: Colour caused by chemical changes in bilirubin (a pigment resulting from the breakdown of red blood cells). All shades of brown are considered normal.
  • Green: Green vegetables, such as spinach, are common causes of green stool.
  • Red: Can indicate bleeding of the lower digestive tract or rectum.
  • Yellow: Can be caused by an infection known as Giardia or can indicate bowel hyperactivity.
  • White: Often caused by a lack of bile (produced in the liver) and by certain medications.
  • Bright Red: May be a sign of rectal bleeding.
  • Black-Red: May be caused by bleeding in the upper digestive tract.

The shape, colour and smell of your bodily waste can signal if something inside of you isn’t operating at 100% efficiency. Hard, lumpy poop may mean you’re dehydrated, for instance.  A pungent poop could indicate an infection or other concerns. Red poopMay be a sign of rectal bleeding.

Stools comes in a range of colours. All shades of brown and even green are considered normal. Only rarely does stool colour indicate a potentially serious intestinal condition.

Stool colour is generally influenced by what you eat as well as by the amount of bile (a yellow-green fluid that digests fats) in your stool. As bile pigments travel through your gastrointestinal tract, they are chemically altered by enzymes, changing the pigments from green to brown. This Process occurs from the combination of stomach bile and bilirubin, which is a pigment compound formed from the breakdown of red blood cells in the body to give the normal brown colour.

IMPORTANT: The stool colours and explanations you see on this chart should only be used as a guide.

There are many reasons for stool colour change, and this is not an exhaustive list. Seek prompt medical care or consult your health care provider if you have unusual stools consistent over time or any unusual change in the colour or texture of your stool. If your stool is bright red or black, which may indicate the presence of blood, seek prompt medical attention.

fithh urine colour chart

Use this urine colour chart above to assess how hydrated you are. It’s important to drink plenty of water every day to stay healthy.

The lower the number, the better the result. A urine color rating of 1, 2 or 3 is well-hydrated (Armstrong, 2000). If the water in the body is balanced, your urine will be a pale straw or lemonade colour. This means you are Well-hydrated.

The aim is to produce urine no darker than colour 3 of the Urine Color Chart above.

If your urine is a darker yellow, that is, above colour 4, then you must drink more water as you may be heading towards dehydration.

Desire to urinate less than twice per day and/or producing urine darker than colour 3 in the chart indicates severe dehydration; you must start drinking water immediately.

Dehydration is very dangerous for infants, small children, and older adults. It is most dangerous for newborns. Watch closely for its early signs that can come from an illness that causes a high fever, vomiting, or diarrhea.

  • The Process:
  • When water loss from the body exceeds water intake, the kidneys need to conserve water, making the urine much more concentrated with waste products and subsequently darker in color.
  • Dehydration occurs when a person’s body loses too much water. When a person stops drinking water or loses large amounts of fluids because of diarrhea, vomiting, or sweating, the body re-absorbs fluid from the blood and other body tissues.
  • By the time a person becomes severely dehydrated, there is no longer enough fluid in the body to get blood to the vital organs and the person may begin to go into shock, which is life-threatening.
  • Precautions:
  • Certain foods, medicines and vitamins may cause the colour of the urine to change. If any of these have been taken, this test is unreliable.
  • Taking a Vitamin B complex will cause your urine to be a darker yellow in colour but this colour change caused by Vitamin B should pass in a day or so.
  • Moderate dehydration includes.
  • Extreme thirst.
  • The dry appearance inside the mouth and the eyes don’t tear.
  • Decreased urination, usually 3 or fewer urinations in 24hrs. Urine is dark amber or brown.
  • Lightheadedness that is relieved by lying down.
  • Severe Dehydration (life-threatening) include:
  • Weak, rapid pulse.
  • Cold, clammy skin or hot, dry skin. Little or no urination.
  • Loss of consciousness.

HISTORY: In the late 1980s, University of Connecticut researcher Lawrence E. Armstrong was looking for a way to assess hydration. In his lab, he had laid out several urine samples for analysis when the light coming in the window passed through the containers, casting patches of varying colours on the table. Realizing the intensity of the colours corresponded to the samples’ concentration, he arranged them in order from light to dark. Thus, was born the original eight-colour urine colour chart, with the lightest colour representing optimal hydration.

Important: The colours you see on this chart should only be used as a guide. If a more accurate comparison is required, please go to an original source. If you have any doubts or worries about your urine colour or dehydration you should consult your doctor or medical professional.

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